Industrial Emissions Directive

At a glance

The Industrial Emissions Directive (IED) adopted on November 24, 2010, is the main EU instrument regulating pollutant emissions from industrial installations. It is based on a Commission proposal recasting 7 previously existing directives, in particular the Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control Directive (IPPC).

The IED specifies how to control emissions from industrial sources other than CO2, through the application of Best Available Techniques (BATs) which are defined in BAT Reference Documents (BREFs). The Directive regulates around 50 000 of the largest industrial installations covering a wide range of agro-industrial sectors. Permits must be issued for these installations by national authorities with conditions based on the use of BATs.

The general objective of the IED is to prevent, reduce and eliminate as far as possible emissions into air, water and land arising from industrial activities. It is the primary instrument in place at the EU level to control and mitigate the environmental and human health impacts arising from industrial emissions in the EU.

The IED is now undergoing an evaluation against the following five key evaluation criteria: effectiveness, efficiency, relevance, coherence and EU added-value.

More info: Directive 2010/75/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 November 2010 on industrial emissions